Edward Breitschwerdt, DVM
Melanie S. Steele Professor of Medicine and Infectious Diseases
Comparative Medicine Institute
NCSU College of Veterinary Medicine
This module provides an overview of Bartonella spp. infection, both pathogenic and species-adapted, in various hosts and reservoirs, including bats, cats, dogs, and people.
- Describe the flea-transmitted Bartonella spp. for which feral and pet cats can be reservoir hosts
- Describe the canine-adapted Bartonella spp. that have been implicated in association with human Bartonelloses
- Describe the role of rodent species and bats as potential reservoirs of human infection
This enduring material activity has been reviewed and is acceptable for credit by the American Academy of Family Physicians. The term of approval begins on 04/9/2021 and expires 04/8/2022. Physicians should claim only the credit commensurate with the extent of their participation in the activity.
Approved for 1.0 AAFP-prescribed credits.
Evidence-based bibliography for further study
Bai, Y., Kosoy, M.Y., Boonmar, S., Sawatwong, P., Sangmaneedet, S. and Peruski, L.F., 2010. Enrichment culture and molecular identification of diverse Bartonella species in stray dogs. Veterinary microbiology, 146(3-4), pp.314-319.
Balakrishnan, N., Musulin, S., Varanat, M., Bradley, J.M. and Breitschwerdt, E.B., 2014. Serological and molecular prevalence of selected canine vector borne pathogens in blood donor candidates, clinically healthy volunteers, and stray dogs in North Carolina. Parasites & vectors, 7(1), pp.1-9. Breitschwerdt et al. Parasites and Vectors 2010
Daszak, P., Cunningham, A.A. and Hyatt, A.D., 2000. Emerging infectious diseases of wildlife–threats to biodiversity and human health. science, 287(5452), pp.443-449.
Inoue, K., Maruyama, S., Kabeya, H., Hagiya, K., Izumi, Y., Une, Y. and Yoshikawa, Y., 2009. Exotic small mammals as potential reservoirs of zoonotic Bartonella spp. Emerging infectious diseases, 15(4), p.526.
Kordick, D.L., Brown, T.T., Shin, K. and Breitschwerdt, E.B., 1999. Clinical and Pathologic Evaluation of ChronicBartonella henselae or Bartonella clarridgeiaeInfection in Cats. Journal of clinical microbiology, 37(5), pp.1536-1547.
Kordick, D.L., Wilson, K.H., Sexton, D.J., Hadfield, T.L., Berkhoff, H.A. and Breitschwerdt, E.B., 1995. Prolonged Bartonella bacteremia in cats associated with cat-scratch disease patients. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 33(12), pp.3245-3251.
Kosoy, M., Bai, Y., Sheff, K., Morway, C., Baggett, H., Maloney, S.A., Boonmar, S., Bhengsri, S., Dowell, S.F., Sitdhirasdr, A. and Lerdthusnee, K., 2010. Identification of Bartonella infections in febrile human patients from Thailand and their potential animal reservoirs. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 82(6), pp.1140-1145.
Lashnits, E., Correa, M., Hegarty, B.C., Birkenheuer, A. and Breitschwerdt, E.B., 2018. Bartonella seroepidemiology in dogs from North America, 2008–2014. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 32(1), pp.222-231.
Lin, E.Y., Tsigrelis, C., Baddour, L.M., Lepidi, H., Rolain, J.M., Patel, R. and Raoult, D., 2010. Candidatus Bartonella mayotimonensis and endocarditis. Emerging infectious diseases, 16(3), p.500.
Maggi, R.G., Kosoy, M., Mintzer, M. and Breitschwerdt, E.B., 2009. Isolation of Candidatus Bartonella melophagi from human blood. Emerging infectious diseases, 15(1), p.66.
Perez, C., Maggi, R.G., Diniz, P.P.V.P. and Breitschwerdt, E.B., 2011. Molecular and serological diagnosis of Bartonella infection in 61 dogs from the United States. Journal of veterinary internal medicine, 25(4), pp.805-810.
Varanat, M., Maggi, R.G., Linder, K.E., Horton, S. and Breitschwerdt, E.B., 2009. Cross-contamination in the molecular detection of Bartonella from paraffin-embedded tissues. Veterinary pathology, 46(5), pp.940-944.
Veikkolainen, V., Vesterinen, E.J., Lilley, T.M. and Pulliainen, A.T., 2014. Bats as reservoir hosts of human bacterial pathogen, Bartonella mayotimonensis. Emerging infectious diseases, 20(6), p.960.
Welch, D.F., Carroll, K.C., Hofmeister, E.K., Persing, D.H., Robison, D.A., Steigerwalt, A.G. and Brenner, D.J., 1999. Isolation of a New Subspecies, Bartonella vinsoniisubsp. arupensis, from a Cattle Rancher: Identity with Isolates Found in Conjunction with Borrelia burgdorferiand Babesia microti among Naturally Infected Mice. Journal of Clinical Microbiology, 37(8), pp.2598-2601.